Employee Performance Model: Analysis of Training, Organizational Culture and Work Environment by Mediating Work Discipline

Main Article Content

Abdur Rachman Alkaf
Eddy Yunus
Sri Utami Ady


Purpose- This research provides a new strategy for stakeholders regarding factors influencing the improvement of employee performance through work discipline in the Indonesian Air Force.
Design/Methodology- This is quantitative research. The research population consisted of all Indonesian Air Force employees. The sample size for this research was 400 employees. Data collection was survey with a questionnaire. This study utilized Smart PLS version 3.2.9 and data analysis employed PLS-SEM.
Findings- The findings indicate that organizational culture, work environment and work discipline significantly impact employee performance. Additionally, training, organizational culture, and work environment have an effect on work discipline and work discipline acts as a mediator in the relationship between training, organizational culture and work environment with employee performance.
Practical Implications- The practical implications can assist the Indonesian Air Force in enhancing employee performance and creating a better work environment. Through appropriate actions, the organization can achieve improved outcomes in pursuing its objectives. 


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

Alkaf, A. R., Yunus, E. ., & Ady, S. U. (2024). Employee Performance Model: Analysis of Training, Organizational Culture and Work Environment by Mediating Work Discipline. SEISENSE Journal of Management, 7(1), 35-50. https://doi.org/10.33215/ng8fxg53
Research Articles

Copyright (c) 2024 Abdur Rachman Alkaf, Eddy Yunus, Sri Utami Ady

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

The data that support the findings of this study are available from the corresponding author, [ARA], upon reasonable request.

Ahmad Rivai. (2020). Pengaruh Kepemimpinan Transformasional dan Budaya organisasi Terhadap Kinerja Karyawan. MANEGGGIO: Jurnal Ilmiah Magister Manajemen, 3(2), 213–223. https://doi.org/10.55606/jupumi.v1i1.243 DOI: https://doi.org/10.55606/jupumi.v1i1.243

Al-Omari, K., & Okasheh, H. (2017). The influence of work environment on job performance: A case study of engineering company in Jordan. International Journal of Applied Engineering Research, 12(24), 15544–15550.

Alam, S., Tamsah, H., & Ilyas, G. B. (2019). Pengaruh Kompetensi Dan Budaya Organisasi Terhadap Kinerja Melalui Disiplin Kerja Pegawai Politeknik Ilmu Pelayaran Makassar. Jurnal Mirai Management, 4(1), 17–42. https://journal.stieamkop.ac.id/index.php/miraipg.17

Amri, A., Ramadhi, R., & Ramdani, Z. (2021). Effect Of Organization Commitment, Work Motivation And Work Discipline On Employee Performance (Study At. PT. PLN (Persero) P3B Sumatera UPT Padang). International Journal of Educational Management and Innovation, 2(1), 88. https://doi.org/10.12928/ijemi.v2i1.3183 DOI: https://doi.org/10.12928/ijemi.v2i1.3183

Baihaqi, M., Setyanti, S. W. L. H., & Irawan, B. (2020). Organizational Culture and Work Team on Work Satisfaction: The Mediating Role of Work Discipline at Lumajang Regency. IOSR Journal of Business and Management, 22(5), 12–16. https://doi.org/10.9790/487X-2205031216

Bernardin, H. J., & Russel, J. E. A. (2013). Human Resouces: An Expimetal Approach. Mc. Graw – Hill book.co.

Bharata, A. (2016). The Influence of Compensation and Training toward Work Discipline and Its Impact on the Employees’ Performance in the Research Center of Science and Technology (PUSPIPTEK). Journal The Winners, 17(1), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.21512/tw.v17i1.1803 DOI: https://doi.org/10.21512/tw.v17i1.1803

Bougie, R., & Sekaran, U. (2019). Research Methods For Business - A Skill-Building Approach (M. McDonald, L. Johnson, J. Howarth, L. Wojcik, N. Urban, M. Balasubramanian, & A. Adiyal (eds.); 8th ed., Vol. 148). John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Brown, K. M. (2017). Military Officer Training Programs and Their Effects on Officer Productivity and Retention. Naval Postgraduate School.

Dawes, J. (2008). Do data characteristics change according to the number of scale points used? An experiment using 5-point, 7-point and 10-point scales. International Journal of Market Research, 50(1), 61–77. https://doi.org/10.1177/147078530805000106 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/147078530805000106

Dewi, R. S., & Amar, S. (2020). Effect of Incentives, Knowledge Management and Environment Work on Performance of Employees in Padang City Trading Service. Advances in Economics, Business and Management Research, 152(PICEEBA-5), 906–916. https://doi.org/10.2991/aebmr.k.201126.099 DOI: https://doi.org/10.2991/aebmr.k.201126.099

Endang, T. S., & Sari, E. (2019). The Effect of Motivation and Discipline on Employee Performance at the Ministry of Transportation’s Directorate of Ports. Ilomata International Journal of Social Science, 1(1), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.52728/ijss.v1i1.33 DOI: https://doi.org/10.52728/ijss.v1i1.33

Erez, M., & Gopher, D. (2019). Culture and Organizational Behavior. Routledge.

Fahmi, P., Sudjono, Parwoto, Supriyatno, Saluy, A. B., Safitri, E., Effiyaldi, Rivaldo, Y., & Endri, E. (2022). Work Stress Mediates Motivation and Discipline on Teacher Performance: Evidence Work from Home Policy. Journal of Educational and Social Research, 12(3), 80–89. https://doi.org/10.36941/jesr-2022-0068 DOI: https://doi.org/10.36941/jesr-2022-0068

Fathurahman, F. M., & Ahman, E. (2020). Pengaruh Pelatihan SDM Dan Budaya Organisasi Terhadap Kinerja Karyawan Dengan Disiplin Kerja Sebagai Variabel Intervening Pada Attarakha Photography Bandung. Jurnal Ekonomi Manajemen Sistem Informasi, 2(1), 35–46. https://doi.org/10.31933/JEMSI DOI: https://doi.org/10.31933/jemsi.v2i1.324

Fatmawati, F. M., Hartono, S., & Istiatin. (2020). Kinerja Karyawan Ditinjau Dari Kepemimpinan, Lingkungan Kerja, Dan Disiplin Kerja Pada Showroom Muhari Motor 651 Karanganyar. Edunomika, 04(01), 338–346. DOI: https://doi.org/10.29040/jie.v4i01.863

Grawitch, M. J., & Ballard, D. W. (2016). The Psychology of Workplace Safety. Routledge.

Hair, J. F., Ringle, C. M., & Sarstedt, M. (2011). PLS-SEM: Indeed a silver bullet. Journal of Marketing Theory and Practice, 19(2), 139–152. https://doi.org/10.2753/MTP1069-6679190202 DOI: https://doi.org/10.2753/MTP1069-6679190202

Handayani, P. W. (2020). Pengaruh Kepemimpinan Dan Disiplin Kerja Terhadap Kinerja Anggota Skadron Udara 32. DOI: https://doi.org/10.31219/osf.io/4vq3r

Handayani, S., & Daulay, R. (2021). Analisis Pengaruh Lingkungan Kerja Dan Stress Kerja Terhadap Kinerja Karyawan. Seminar Nasional Teknologi Edukasi Dan Humaniora 2021, 1(1), 544–548. https://doi.org/10.35316/idarah.2020.v1i1.16-29 DOI: https://doi.org/10.35316/idarah.2020.v1i1.16-29

Hartinah, S., Suharso, P., Umam, R., Syazali, M., Lestari, B. D., Roslina, R., & Jermsittiparsert, K. (2020). Teacher’s performance management: The role of principal’s leadership, work environment and motivation in Tegal City, Indonesia. Management Science Letters, 10(1), 235–246. https://doi.org/10.5267/j.msl.2019.7.038 DOI: https://doi.org/10.5267/j.msl.2019.7.038

Haryadi, D., Setiawati, E. T., & Juhandi. (2022). The Role Of Organizational Culture On Improving Employee Performance Through Work Discipline. Jurnal Mantik, 6(1), 686–698.

Haryono, S., Supardi, S., & Udin, U. (2020). The effect of training and job promotion on work motivation and its implications on job performance: Evidence from Indonesia. Management Science Letters, 10(9), 2107–2112. https://doi.org/10.5267/j.msl.2020.1.019 DOI: https://doi.org/10.5267/j.msl.2020.1.019

Hasibuan, S. M., & Bahri, S. (2018). Pengaruh Kepemimpinan, Lingkungan Kerja dan Motivasi Kerja Terhadap Kinerja. Maneggio: Jurnal Ilmiah Magister Manajemen, 1(1), 71–80. https://doi.org/10.30596/maneggio.v1i1.2243 DOI: https://doi.org/10.30596/maneggio.v1i1.2243

Hendriani, S., & Artati, Y. (2014). Pengaruh Kepemimpinan, Budaya Organisasi Dan Disiplin Kerja Terhadap Kinerja Aparatur Sekretariat Daerah Kabupaten Kampar. Pekbis Jurnal, 6(2), 14–25.

Henseler, J., Ringle, C. M., & Sarstedt, M. (2015). A new criterion for assessing discriminant validity in variance-based structural equation modeling. Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, 43(1), 115–135. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11747-014-0403-8 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11747-014-0403-8

Idris, Adi, K. R., Soetjipto, B. E., & Supriyanto, A. S. (2020). The Mediating Role Of Job Satisfaction On Compensation, Work Environment, And Employee Performance: Evidence From Indonesia. Entrepreneurship And Sustainability Issues, 8(2), 735–750. https://doi.org/http://doi.org/10.9770/jesi.2020.8.2(44) DOI: https://doi.org/10.9770/jesi.2020.8.2(44)

Klimberg, R. K., & Fullerton, R. R. (2014). Officer Training and Education in the 21st Century: A Study of the Military Education Continuum. Strategic Studies Institute.

Maamari, B. E., & Saheb, A. (2018). How organizational culture and leadership style affect employees’ performance of genders. International Journal of Organizational Analysis, 26(4), 630–651. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJOA-04-2017-1151 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/IJOA-04-2017-1151

Mahmud, K. T., Saira Wahid, I., & Arif, I. (2019). Impact of training needs assessment on the performance of employees: Evidence from Bangladesh. Cogent Social Sciences, 5(1), 1705627. https://doi.org/10.1080/23311886.2019.1705627 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/23311886.2019.1705627

Mansour, J. S. A., & Ariffin, A. A. M. (2017). The Effects of Local Hospitality, Commercial Hospitality and Experience Quality on Behavioral Intention in Cultural Heritage Tourism. Journal of Quality Assurance in Hospitality and Tourism, 18(2), 149–172. https://doi.org/10.1080/1528008X.2016.1169474 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/1528008X.2016.1169474

Manurung, Y. S. (2017). Pengaruh Gaya Kepemimpinan, Budaya Kerja, Dan Pendidikan Kualifikasi Khusus Terhadap Kinerja Perwira Komando Pemeliharaan Materiel TNI AU. Jurnal Prodi Strategi Pertahanan Udara, 3(1), 93–124.

Manzoor, F., Wei, L., Bányai, T., Nurunnabi, M., & Subhan, Q. A. (2019). An examination of sustainable HRM practices on job performance: An application of training as a moderator. Sustainability (Switzerland), 11(8), 1–19. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11082263 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/su11082263

Marwanto, T. B., & Nugroho, R. (2014). Pengaruh Kompensasi Dan Lingkungan Kerja Terhadap Motivasi Dan Disiplin Kerja Prajurit Di Satuan Kerja KRI X Armada RI Kawasan Timur. Jmm17 Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi & Manajemen, 1(1), 74–82. https://doi.org/10.30996/jmm17.v1i01.313 DOI: https://doi.org/10.30996/jmm17.v1i01.313

Maryanti, M., Achmad Fauzi, Ribka Natalia, Kevin Sean, & Kasman Abas. (2022). the Influence of Work Environment, Work Enthusiasm and Rewards on Work Discipline (Literature Review Human Resource Management). Dinasti International Journal of Management Science, 3(6), 1069–1078. https://doi.org/10.31933/dijms.v3i6.1315 DOI: https://doi.org/10.31933/dijms.v3i6.1315

Mathis, R. L., & Jackson, J. H. (2012). Manajemen Sumber Daya Manusia (Buku 1, Al). Salemba Empat.

Mazidah, N. N. (2018). Pengaruh Pelatihan dan Motivasi terhadap Kinerja Karyawan dengan Disiplin Kerja sebagai Variabel Intervening (Studi kasus di Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Islam Indonesia) [Universitas Islam Indonesia]. In Fakultas Ekonomi , Universitas Islam Indonesia, ogyakarta.

Mira, M. S., & Odeh, K. (2019). The mediating role of authentic leadership between the relationship of employee training and employee performance. Management Science Letters, 9(3), 381–388. https://doi.org/10.5267/j.msl.2018.12.011 DOI: https://doi.org/10.5267/j.msl.2018.12.011

Muis, M. R., Jufrizen, J., & Fahmi, M. (2018). Pengaruh Budaya Organisasi Dan Komitmen Organisasi Terhadap Kinerja Karyawan. Jesya (Jurnal Ekonomi & Ekonomi Syariah), 1(1), 9–25. https://doi.org/10.36778/jesya.v1i1.7 DOI: https://doi.org/10.36778/jesya.v1i1.7

Mukminin, A. A., Semmaila, B., & Ramlawati, R. (2020). Point of View Research Management Effect of Education and Training, work discipline and Organizational Culture on Employee Performance. Point of View Research Management, 1(3), 19–28. https://journal.accountingpointofview.id/index.php/povrema

Mulyadi, & Rivai. (2009). Manajemen Sumber Daya Manusia (cetakan ke). Jakarta.

Ndolu, J. L., Simon Sia Niha, & Henny A. Manafe. (2022). Pengaruh Kepemimpinan Transformasional dan Budaya Organisasi terhadap Kinerja Karyawan Melalui Disiplin Kerja sebagai Variabel Mediasi (Suatu Kajian Studi Literatur Manajemen Sumberdaya Manusia). Jurnal Ilmu Multidisplin, 1(2), 514–526. https://doi.org/10.38035/jim.v1i2.59 DOI: https://doi.org/10.38035/jim.v1i2.59

Noe, R. A., Hollenbeck, J. R., Gerhart, B., & Wright, P. M. (2017). Human Resource Management: Gaining a Competitive Advantage. McGraw-Hill Education.

Noviyanti, R. P., & Langgeng, R. S. (2019). Pengaruh Tingkat Pendidikan, Pelatihan, Dan Pengembangan Karir Terhadap Kinerja Karyawan Pt.Asuransi Takaful Batam. Jurnal Akuntansi, Ekonomi Dan Manajemen Bisnis, 7(1), 48–55. DOI: https://doi.org/10.30871/jaemb.v7i1.1083

Nugroho, Y. H. B. A., Christian, F., & Sardjiyo, S. (2023). The Effect of Application of E-SKP and Competency Assessment System, On Performance with Work Discipline as an Intervening Variable in Papua Province Forestry and Environmental Services. Technium Social Sciences Journal, 40, 258–270. https://doi.org/10.47577/tssj.v40i1.8363 DOI: https://doi.org/10.47577/tssj.v40i1.8363

P.Robbins, S. (2009). Manajemen (Jilid 1. E). Penerbit Erlangga.

Pakpahan, Edi, S., & Siswidiyanto, S. (2017). Pengaruh Pendidikan dan Pelatihan Terhadap Kinerja Pegawai (Studi pada Badan Kepegawaian Daerah Kota Malang). Jurnal Administrasi Publik (JAP), 2(1), 116–121. DOI: https://doi.org/10.31846/jae.v1i2.48

Pangestu, R. N., Rani, D. S., Tyas, T. S. N., & Farhah, Z. (2022). Faktor-faktor yang Mempengaruhi Kinerja Karyawan: Perencanaan , Kualitas dan Kepemimpinan (Literature Review Manajemen Kinerja). Jurnal Ilmu Manajemen Terapan, 4(2), 215–228. DOI: https://doi.org/10.31933/jemsi.v4i2.1198

Parashakti, R. D., Fahlevi, M., Ekhsan, M., & Hadinata, A. (2020). The Influence of Work Environment and Competence on Motivation and Its Impact on Employee Performance in Health Sector. Advances in Economics, Business and Management Research, 135(Aicmbs 2019), 259–267. https://doi.org/10.2991/aebmr.k.200410.040 DOI: https://doi.org/10.2991/aebmr.k.200410.040

Prayogi, M. A., Lesmana, M. T., & Siregar, L. H. (2019). The Influence of Communication and Work Discipline to Employee Performance. Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research, 343(ICAS), 423–426. https://doi.org/10.36555/almana.v6i2.1910 DOI: https://doi.org/10.2991/icas-19.2019.88

Puspita, R. A., & Warsindah, L. (2021). Pengaruh Gaya Transformasional, Budaya Organisasi Terhadap Kinerja Pegawai Melalui Disiplin Kerja Sekretaris Daerah Pada Sekretariat Daerah Pemerintah Kabupaten Mamuju. Metrik Serial Humaniora Dan Sains, 2(2), 62–69.

Putra, S. A. (2021). Effect Of Placement And Work Environment On Work Discipline And Their Impact On Performance Of Employee Office Jati Karya Village, Binjai City. Jurnal Ekonomi LLDIKTI Wilayah 1 (JUKET), 1(1), 1–4. https://doi.org/10.54076/juket.v1i1.35 DOI: https://doi.org/10.54076/juket.v1i1.35

Putri, E. M., Ekowati, V. M., Supriyanto, A. S., & Mukaffi, Z. (2019). The Effect of Work Environment on Employee Performance Through Work Discipline. International Journal of Research -GRANTHAALAYAH, 7(4), 132–140. https://doi.org/10.29121/granthaalayah.v7.i4.2019.882 DOI: https://doi.org/10.29121/granthaalayah.v7.i4.2019.882

Rahmah, M., & Fatmah, D. (2019). Organizational Culture and Intrapreneurship Employee of the Impact on Work Discipline of Employees in Brangkal Offset. Jurnal Ilmu Manajemen Dan Bisnis, 10(1), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.17509/jimb.v10i1.14080 DOI: https://doi.org/10.17509/jimb.v10i1.14080

Rahman, S. (2014). Analisis Pengaruh Pelatihan dan Disiplin terhadap Kinerja Pegawai Negeri Sipil Dengan Kompetensi Sebagai Variabel Intervening pada Sekretariat Daerah Kabupaten Labuhanbatu Selatan. Universitas Sumatera Utara.

Ramayah, T., Cheah, J., Ting, H., & Memon, M. A. (2018). Partial least squares sPartial Least Squares Structural Equation Modeling (PLS-SEM) using SmartPLS 3.0 An Updated and Practical Guide to Statistical Analysis (2nd ed.). Pearson.

Rita, M., Randa Payangan, O., Rante, Y., Tuhumena, R., & Erari, A. (2018). Moderating effect of organizational citizenship behavior on the effect of organizational commitment, transformational leadership and work motivation on employee performance. International Journal of Law and Management, 60(4), 953–964. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJLMA-03-2017-0026 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/IJLMA-03-2017-0026

Rudiansyah. (2018). Tinjauan Yuridis Terhadap Pelanggaran Prajurit Militer Di Lingkunagn Korem 101 Antasari Banjarmasin Menurut Undang- Undang Nomor 25 Tahun 2014 Tentang Hukum Disiplin Militer. Uniska.

Rusdil, Yulihasri, & Zuripal. (2020). Pengaruh Disiplin Kerja, Pelatihan Dan Kompetensi Terhadap Kinerja Pegawai Dinas Pekerjaan Umum Dan Penataan Ruang (Pupr) Kabupaten 50 Kota. Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Manajemen, 2(2), 72–84. DOI: https://doi.org/10.32483/maps.v2i2.21

Saad, G. Ben, & Abbas, M. (2018). The impact of organizational culture on job performance: A study of Saudi Arabian public sector work culture. Problems and Perspectives in Management, 16(3), 207–218. https://doi.org/10.21511/ppm.16(3).2018.17 DOI: https://doi.org/10.21511/ppm.16(3).2018.17

Saputri, A. N., & Rachman, A. N. (2022). Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Kinerja Karyawan PT. Telkom Indonesia Witel Solo. Jurnal Ilmiah Ekonomi Dan Bisnis, 15(1), 9–23. DOI: https://doi.org/10.51903/e-bisnis.v15i1.603

Sari, R. N. I., & Hadijah, H. S. (2016). Peningkatan Kinerja Pegawai Melalui Kepuasan Kerja Dan Disiplin Kerja. Jurnal Pendidikan Manajemen Perkantoran, 1(1), 204. https://doi.org/10.17509/jpm.v1i1.3389 DOI: https://doi.org/10.17509/jpm.v1i1.3389

Sawir, M., Yasri, & Abror. (2020). The Effect of Stress, Work Environment and Work Engagement on Employee Performance. Proceedings of the Sixth Padang International Conference On Economics Education, Economics, Business and Management, Accounting and Entrepreneurship (PICEEBA 2020), 179(Piceeba 2020), 606–611. https://doi.org/10.2991/aebmr.k.210616.093 DOI: https://doi.org/10.2991/aebmr.k.210616.093

Schein, E. H. (2010). Organizational Culture and Leadership ((4th ed.)). Jossey-Bass.

Sendawula, K., Nakyejwe Kimuli, S., Bananuka, J., & Najjemba Muganga, G. (2018). Training, employee engagement and employee performance: Evidence from Uganda’s health sector. Cogent Business and Management, 5(1), 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1080/23311975.2018.1470891 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/23311975.2018.1470891

Setyo, N., Wahyudi, B., & Sundari, S. (2019). Pengaruh Motivasi Dan Kompetensi Terhadap Produktivitas Kerja Personel Di Dinas Perawatan Personel Tni Angkatan Udara. Jurnal Strategi Pertahanan Udara, 5(1), 1–22.

Sholikah, H., Ardianto, Y. T., & Prasetya, D. A. (2022). Pengaruh Kualitas Sistem Informasi Sumber Daya Manusia, Pelatihan dan Pengembangan terhadap Kinerja Karyawan melalui Disiplin Kerja pada PT. Era Mulia Abadi Sejahtera. Jurnal Teknologi Dan Manajemen Informatika, 8(2), 125–133. https://doi.org/10.26905/jtmi.v8i2.8239 DOI: https://doi.org/10.26905/jtmi.v8i2.8239

Sihombing, S., Astuti, E. S., Al Musadieq, M., Hamied, D., & Rahardjo, K. (2018). The effect of servant leadership on rewards, organizational culture and its implication for employee’s performance. International Journal of Law and Management, 60(2), 505–516. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJLMA-12-2016-0174 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/IJLMA-12-2016-0174

Sihombing, S., Astuti, E. S., Mussadieq, M., Hamied, D., & Rahardjo, K. (2016). The Effect of Servant Leadership to Rewards, Organizational Culture, and its Implication to Employee’s Performance (Case Study on the Employees of PT. Bank Tabungan Negara (Persero) Tbk. Indonesia). International Journal of Law and Management, 7(5), 781–796.

Solihah, S. M., Budiawan, A., & Nugraha, N. M. (2021). The Influence of Autocratic Leadership and Work Discipline on Employee Performance of the “ABC” City Culture and Tourism Office. The Asia Pacific Journal of Management, 8(1), 29–38.

Soomro, B. A., & Shah, N. (2019). Determining the impact of entrepreneurial orientation and organizational culture on job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and employee’s performance. South Asian Journal of Business Studies, 8(3), 266–282. https://doi.org/10.1108/SAJBS-12-2018-0142 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/SAJBS-12-2018-0142

Sudja, I. N., & Yuesti, A. (2017). The Influences of Education and Training, Leadership, Work Environment, Teacher Certification On Discipline and Teacher’s Professionality In High School at Bali Province. Scientific Research Journal (SCIRJ), V(IX), 102–108. www.scirj.org

Sugistiyoko, B. S. E. (2017). Hukum Disiplin Prajurit Tentara Nasional Indonesia/Militer Pada Komando Distrik Militer 0807/ Tulungagung. Jurnal Yustitiabelen, 3(1), 39–60. DOI: https://doi.org/10.36563/yustitiabelen.v9i1.702

Sukmawati, E., Ratnasari, S. L., & Zulkifli, Z. (2020). Pengaruh Gaya Kepemimpinan, Komunikasi, Pelatihan, Etos Kerja, Dan Karakteristik Individu Terhadap Kinerja Karyawan. Jurnal Dimensi, 9(3), 461–479. https://doi.org/10.33373/dms.v9i3.2722 DOI: https://doi.org/10.33373/dms.v9i3.2722

Sulaefi, S. (2017). Pengaruh Pelatihan Dan Pengembangan Terhadap Disiplin Kerja Dan Kinerja Karyawan. Jurnal Manajemen Dan Kewirausahaan, 5(1), 8–21. https://doi.org/10.26905/jmdk.v5i1.1212 DOI: https://doi.org/10.26905/jmdk.v5i1.1212

Suryani, I., & Maulana, Y. S. (2019). Analisis Disiplin Kerja Dalam Meningkatkan Produktivitas Karyawan. ABDIS : Jurnah Ilmiah Administrasi Bisnis, 4(1), 14–24.

Tejada, J. J., Raymond, J., & Punzalan, B. (2012). On the Misuse of Slovin’s Formula. The Philippine Statistician, 61(1), 8.

Tintami, L., Pradhanawati, A., & Nugraha, H. S. (2012). Pengaruh Budaya Organisasi Dan Gaya Kepemimpinan Transformasional Terhadap Kinerja Karyawan Melalui Disiplin Kerja Pada Karyawan Harian Skt Megawon II PT. Djarum Kudus. Diponegoro Journal Of Social And Politic, 1(1), 1–8. https://ejournal3.undip.ac.id/index.php/jiab/article/view/1634

Vanesa, Y. Y., Matondang, R., Sadalia, I., & Daulay, M. T. (2019). The Influence Of Organizational Culture, Work Environment And Work Motivation On Employee Discipline In PT Jasa Marga (Persero) TBK, Medan Branch, North Sumatra, Indonesia. American International Journal of Business Management (AIJBM), 2(5), 37–45. www.aijbm.com

Wahyudi, W. (2021). Pengaruh Pelatihan Terhadap Kinerja Karyawan Yang Dimediasi Oleh Disiplin Kerja. ECo-Buss, 4(2), 265–273. DOI: https://doi.org/10.32877/eb.v4i2.272

Wirya, S. K. E. (2019). The Effect of Compensation and Work Environment on Work Discipline and Performance of Mini Mart Employees in Denpasar City. Jurnal Ekonomi Dan Bisnis Jagaditha, 6(1), 60–71. https://ejournal.warmadewa.ac.id/index.php/jagaditha