SEISENSE Journal of Management <p style="text-align: justify;">SEISENSE Journal of Management (SJOM) is an online, open access and Refereed journal committed to publish scholarly empirical and theoretical research articles that have a high impact on the management field as a whole. The SJOM covers domains such as</p> <ul> <li class="show">Business strategy &amp; policy</li> <li class="show">Organizational behavior</li> <li class="show">Human resource management</li> <li class="show">Organizational theory</li> <li class="show">Entrepreneurship</li> <li class="show">Innovation and Technology Management</li> <li class="show">Tourism Management</li> <li class="show">Business Finance</li> </ul> SEISENSE (PRIVATE) LIMITED en-US SEISENSE Journal of Management 2617-5770 Contribution of Job Nature on Leadership Style among Academia <p><strong>Purpose-</strong> Effective leadership practices in schools are only possible while headmaster and teachers adopt suitable leadership styles. The main purpose of this study is to identify the leadership styles as well as determine the association of democratic, autocratic and laissez-faire leadership style with each other among school teachers.</p> <p><strong>Design/Methodology-</strong> This study is based on post-positivist research philosophy and cross-sectional survey as the research design which is confirmatory and explanatory in nature. It gathered the data via self-administer questionnaire from 345 school teachers and analyzed through descriptive statistics and parametric test.&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Findings-</strong> The researcher derived that school teachers adopted a more democratic leadership style and gave least prefer to the laissez-faire leadership style in schools. Meanwhile, the lacking of equal facility and access to power exercise contributes to making significant differences in leadership styles across the job nature of school teachers. Furthermore, this study assess that there is no relationship between autocratic, democratic and laissez-faire leadership styles. These distinct styles of leadership may develop the differences in work performances of school teachers.</p> <p><strong>Practical Implications-</strong> This research provides the framework for another future researcher to investigate the input of job nature on leadership style among school teachers.</p> Milan Shrestha Copyright (c) 2019 Milan Shrestha 2019-06-01 2019-06-01 2 4 1 13 10.33215/sjom.v2i4.156 The Mediating Effect of Work-Life Balance between Motivation and Job Satisfaction and Its Impact on Emotional Intelligence of Mystery Shopping Professionals <p><strong>Purpose-</strong> Enhancing job satisfaction through motivation and Work-Life Balance (WLB) and checking the overall impact on Emotional Intelligence of mystery shopping professionals is the aim of this research. The work depends on factors such as sudden demand, high workload, on-time submission of assignments, a new area for exploration and fluctuation in pay scale.</p> <p><strong>Design-</strong> The data were collected from mystery shopping professionals through social media platform using a questionnaire link (N=338). The sampling technique employed in this study was a convenient sampling technique. CFA (Confirmatory Factor Analysis) using AMOS software was performed. The questionnaire instrument SSREI, GJSS, WEIMS and (Tasdelen’s WLB) were adopted for this study.</p> <p><strong>Findings-</strong> The study revealed that motivation has a positive impact on Work-life balance and intern enhances the job satisfaction of mystery shoppers. However, the overall impact on EI is negative. The Goodness of Fit Index such as (AGFI, NFI, TLI, CFI, RMSEA, RMR, and AVE) indicates a good fit of the Structural Equation Model.</p> <p><strong>Originality/Value:</strong> The study reflected on the four essential concepts, which has evolved in the domain of HRM and OB for many years. In the context of mystery-shopping professional, it has been used and the recommendations will help the market research agencies and the mystery shoppers. Exploring Work-Life Balance (WLB) as a mediating variable between motivation and Job satisfaction and the overall impact on EI of mystery shopping professionals is a new insight.</p> Anand Shankar Raja Manivannan Copyright (c) 2019 Anand Shankar Raja Manivannan 2019-06-01 2019-06-01 2 4 14 34 10.33215/sjom.v2i4.160 Do Boards Determine Integrated Reporting in Nigerian Listed Oil and Gas Firms? <p><strong>Purpose:</strong> Integrated reporting is a process founded on integrated thinking, with the aim of issuing periodic integrated reports by firms about value creation over time. This study investigates the effect of board attributes (independence, diligence, and size) on the quality of integrated reporting of Nigerian listed oil and gas firms.</p> <p><strong>Design/Methodology:</strong> Panel data are obtained from annual reports of a purposive sample of 10 out of the 12 listed Oil and Gas firms in Nigeria from 2013 to 2017. These are analyzed using multiple regression techniques, via STATA 13.0 software.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Based on the analysis conducted, findings show that the board independence and board size have a significant and positive effect, while board diligence has an insignificant and positive effect on the quality of integrated reporting, proxied by integrated reporting disclosure score (IRDSCORE). This outcome implies that having the optimum mix of members on the board influences the extent of integrated disclosures of listed oil and gas firms in Nigeria.</p> <p><strong>Practical Implications:</strong> Global corporate reporting is currently driving towards integrated thinking, incorporating financial, governance, social and environmental issues to promote long-term value creation. As a third world nation, the adoption of integrated reports is voluntary in Nigeria. However, considering the information needs of all stakeholders and appointing qualified persons on the board by shareholders, and formulating enabling policies in this direction by regulatory agencies would drive corporate reporting to be more integrative to drive long-term value maximization.</p> Teryima Orshi Kabiru Isa Dandago Rehanet Isa Copyright (c) 2019 Teryima Orshi, Kabiru Isa Dandago, Rehanet Isa 2019-06-01 2019-06-01 2 4 35 50 10.33215/sjom.v2i4.157 The Relationship between Ownership Structure and Capital Structure <p><strong>Objective –</strong> The main objective of this study is to measure the relationship between ownership structure and capital structure by using the chemical sector of Pakistan.</p> <p><strong>Design –</strong> This study is used the panel data and retrieved from the annual reports of the chemical sector of Pakistan for the time period of 2012 to 2017.</p> <p><strong>Findings –</strong> The finding the statistical analysis shows that ownership structure has a significant positive relationship on capital structure. Which mitigate the agency conflicts among managers and shareholders, because the majority of the shareholders would like to have a higher level of debt over equity financing.</p> <p><strong>Policy Implications –</strong> The findings of this study also can be helpful to the policymakers, investors and financial institution in designing ownership structures and financing decisions for firms.&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Originality –</strong> This is the first study that examined the relationship between ownership structure and capital structure in the context of the chemical sector of Pakistan.</p> Sadia Murtaza Irsa Azam Copyright (c) 2019 Sadia Murtaza, Irsa Azam 2019-06-01 2019-06-01 2 4 51 64 10.33215/sjom.v2i4.162 Linking Product Line Strategies to Competitive Advantage <p class="JOMAbstract"><strong>Purpose-</strong>This study examines the relationships between product line strategies and competitive advantage in Nigerian foods and beverages industry.</p> <p class="JOMAbstract"><strong>Design/Methodology-</strong>Data were obtained from a sample of 278 employees choosing from 8 companies in the foods and beverages industry located in north-eastern Nigeria using a self-administered questionnaire. Pearson's correlation and Multiple regression were conducted in the data analysis.</p> <p class="JOMAbstract"><strong>Findings-</strong>Findings of the research revealed that all four hypotheses were supported signifying that product line strategies have significant effects on the competitive advantage of foods and beverages companies in Nigeria.</p> <p><strong>Practical Implications-</strong>The study combined the dimensions of product line strategies to determine optimal product line in the food and beverages industry. It provides the decision makers of food and beverages firms in Nigeria with a guide for determining the blend of product line strategies to adopt in order to gain competitive advantage. It also served as a guide to potential investors in the food and beverages industry to make an informed decision that can strategically improve the efficiency and effectiveness through its advocacy on reforming product line strategies.</p> Ismaila Abubakar Haruna Isa Mohammad Copyright (c) 2019 Ismaila Abubakar, Haruna Isa Mohammad 2019-06-16 2019-06-16 2 4 65 78 10.33215/sjom.v2i4.166 The Moderating Role of Intellectual Capital between Relationship of Bank Specific Factors and Credit Risk of Islamic Banks <p class="JOMAbstract"><strong>Purpose-</strong>The Objective of this study is to investigate the moderating role of Intellectual Capital between the relationship of Bank internal factor and Credit Risk in Islamic banks of Pakistan.</p> <p class="JOMAbstract"><strong>Design/Methodology-</strong>Panel data are obtained from annual reports of 4 Islamic banks of Pakistan from the period 2006 to 2017. These are analyzed using hierarchical regression techniques, via Eviews 9 software.</p> <p class="JOMAbstract"><strong>Findings-</strong>The results showed that intellectual capital significantly moderates the relationship of bank internal variable and credit risk in Islamic banks in Pakistan.</p> <p><strong>Practical Implications-</strong>The study found that Intellectual Capital is a very important driver for credit risk. The investment in Intellectual Capital may lower the credit risk which will further help in the growth and sustainability of the bank and hence the growth in the economy. The results of the study will be useful for bank management, policy maker, and regulator and academia for future research.</p> Muhammad Nawaz Alias Mat Nor Habibah Tolos Copyright (c) 2019 Muhammad Nawaz, Alias Mat Nor, Habibah Tolos 2019-06-17 2019-06-17 2 4 79 87 10.33215/sjom.v2i4.173 Role of Credit Information Sharing and the Funding Cost of Banks <p class="JOMAbstract"><strong>Purpose -&nbsp;</strong>The objective of the study is to investigate the relationship between the credit information sharing and the funding cost of banks of the top ten “AA rating” commercial banks of Pakistan as the Commercial banks also play a significant role in the economy of every country.</p> <p class="JOMAbstract"><strong>Design/Methodology -&nbsp;</strong>In this study, panel data were analyzed from 2011 to 2017. We selected the top ten “AA rating” banks from Pakistan credit rating agency (PACRA) website, and data related to another related variables are obtained from financial statements of the respective banks. Generalized Method of Moments (GMM) statistical technique was employed to measure the relationship among related variables.</p> <p class="JOMAbstract"><strong>Findings -&nbsp;</strong>The result of the study shows that there is a negative and significant relationship between credit information sharing, operation efficiency, and funding cost. On the other side, profitability has a positive and significant relationship with the funding cost of the bank.</p> <p><strong>Practical Implications -&nbsp;</strong>To manage the funding cost policymakers must focus two key findings which are credit information sharing and operational efficiency of bank and set up a credit information sharing institutions which help to reduce information irregularity and ultimately manage the funding cost of the banks.</p> Ramzan Ali Sami Ullah Butt Zahir Zahid Butt Shahid Manzoor Shah Fiaz Ahmad Sulehri Copyright (c) 2019 Ramzan Ali, Sami Ullah Butt, Zahir Zahid Butt, Shahid Manzoor Shah, Fiaz Ahmad Sulehri 2019-06-23 2019-06-23 2 4 88 95 10.33215/sjom.v2i4.171