An Investigation of the Diversification Roles of Contractor

  • Nur Azila Adros
      Universiti Sains Malaysia
    • Dr. Nazirah Zainul Abidin
        Universiti Sains Malaysia
      Keywords: Contractor, Diversification roles, Construction industry

      Abstract

      The construction industry is facing a period of change due to the revolution of new technology, emphasis on strategic alliances and demanding customers. As one of the key players in the construction industry, the contractors play an important role in the development of the construction industry. They are known for their traditional roles during the construction stage by managing and production on site. Due to changes in the industry, the contractors’ role has been evolving during the years, this has impacted their roles to change as well. This paper reviews the traditional roles of the contractor and discusses the reasons for their evolving roles in the construction industry. Finally, this paper delves into the various diversification roles of the contractor in Malaysia which are categorised into two such as the management and technical.

      Downloads

      Download data is not yet available.

      References

      Akintoye, A. (1994). Design and Build: A Survey of Construction Contractors’ Views. Construction Management and Economics, 12(2), 155-163. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/01446199400000021

      Alarayedh, A. D. (2005). The Changing Role of Architects and Contractors.

      Anuar, K. F., & Abidin, M. H. I. Z. (2015). The Challenges in Implementing Building Information Model (BIM) for SME’s Contractor in The Construction Industry, 3(1). Infrastructure University Kuala Lumpur Research Journal.

      Anyanwu, C. (2013). The Role of Building Construction Project Team Members in Building Projects Delivery. IOSR-JBM, 14(1), 30-34. DOI: https://doi.org/10.9790/487X-1413034

      APUC (2017). Guide to procuring construction projects. Retrieved from http://www.apucscot.ac.uk/uploads/Docs/pdf/Guide%20to%20Procuring%20Constructin%20Projects%2029-6-11.pdf

      Arditi, D., & Balci, G. (2009). Managerial Competencies of Construction Managers. In (pp. 650- 658). Presented at the Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Construction in the 21st Century Collaboration and Integration in Engineering, Management and Technology, Istanbul, Turkey.

      Ayo, B. (2005). Building Production Management. Lagos, Nigeria: Foresight press Ltd.

      Azhar, S. (2011). Building Information Modeling (BIM): Trends, Benefits, Risks, and Challenges for the AEC Industry. Leadership and management in engineering, 11(3), 241-252. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)LM.1943-5630.0000127

      Azhar, S., Khalfan, M., & Maqsood, T. (2019). Building Information Modelling (BIM): Now and Beyond. CEB, 12(4), 15-28. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5130/AJCEB.v12i4.3032

      Bayraktar, E., Gunasekaran, A., Koh, S. L., Tatoglu, E., Demirbag, M., & Zaim, S. (2010). An efficiency comparison of supply chain management and information systems practices: a study of Turkish and Bulgarian small- and medium-sized enterprises in food products and beverages. International Journal of Production Research, 48(2), 425-451. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/00207540903174957

      Benneth, M., & James, P. (1999). ISO 14031 and The Future of Environmental Performance evaluation. Sheffield: Greenleaf Publication. DOI: https://doi.org/10.9774/GLEAF.978-1-907643-19-4_4

      Bennett, J., Pothecary, E., & Robinson, G. (1996). Designing and Building a World-Class Industry. Centre for Strategic Studies in Construction.

      Bhutto., K., Griffith, A., & Stephenson, P. (2004). Integration of Quality, Health and Safety and Environment Management Systems in Contractor Organizations. In. Presented at the 20th Annual ARCOM Conference, Heriot Watt University: Khosrowshahi, F (Ed.).

      Broadbent, J., & Laughlin, R. (2003). Public Private Partnerships: An Introduction, 16(3), 332- 341. Accounting, Auditing and Accountability Journal.

      Bryde, D., Broquetas, M., & Volm, J. M. (2013). The project benefits of Building Information Modelling (BIM). International Journal of Project Management, 31(7), 971-980. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijproman.2012.12.001

      CERF. (2000). Guidelines for Moving Innovations into Practice. Working Draft Guidelines for the CERF. In. Washington, DC: International Symposium and Innovative Technology Trade Show.

      CFI. (2019). Management Skills - Types and Examples of Management Skills. Corporate Finance Institute.

      Chan, P. (2013). A ‘Zombie’ Existence: Exploring Ulrich Beck’s Zombie Categories and Construction Management. In. Presented at the Procs 29th Annual ARCOM Conference, Smith, S.D and Ahiaga-Dagbui, D.D. (Eds).

      Chuan, T., Ming, T., & Lin, A. (2014). Business Strategies of Small and Medium Sized Contractors in Malaysia, 2(10). International Review of Basic and Applied Sciences.

      CIDB. (2017). Construction Statistics Quarterly Bulletin.

      CIRIA (1983). Buildability: An Assessment. UK: Special Publication.

      CIRIA (2000). Integrating Safety, Quality and Environmental Management. CIRIA Report C509.

      CITB. (2015). Industry Guidance for Contractors. The Construction (Design and Management) Regulations.

      Cross, N., & Clayburn Cross, A. (1995). Observations of Teamwork and Social Processes in Design. Design Studies, 16(2), 143-170. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0142-694X(94)00007-Z

      Crouse, H. (1991). The Power of Partnerships, 4-8. The Journal of Business Strategy. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/eb039448

      Deane, M. (n.d.). The CM’s Role in Achieving LEED Certification. The Cost and Benefits of High Performance Buildings, 114-116. Earth Day New York.

      Edwards, S., & Bennett, P. (2003). Construction Products and Life-Cycle Thinking, 26, 57-61. United Nations Environment Programme.

      Egan, J. (1998). Rethinking Construction. Department of Trade and Industry, London.

      Frei, M., & Mbachu, J. (2009). The Future of Quantity Surveying in New Zealand: Likely Changes, Threats and Opportunities. In. Presented at the 13th Pacific Association of Quantity Surveyors Congress (PAQS 2009).

      Gidado, K. (2004). Enhancing the Prime Contractor’s Pre-Construction Planning. J. Construct. Res., 05(01), 87-106. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1142/S1609945104000073

      Griffin, C., Knowles, C., Theodoropoulos, C., & Allen, J. (2010). Barriers to the Implementation of Sustainable Structural Materials in Green Buildings, 369-370.

      Griffin, L. (2005). Articulating the Business and Ethical Arguments for Sustainable Construction. University of Florida.

      Gunhan, S. (2012). Builders’ Role: Innovative Green Technologies’ Integration Process in Construction Projects.

      Gunhan, S., & Hatipkarasulu, Y. (2012). A Classroom Discussion of Applied Ethics. In. Presented at the American Society of Engineering Educators 2012 Annual Conference, Engineering Ethics Division, San Antonio, TX.

      Hamid, Z., Kamar, K., Zain, M., Ghani, K., & Rahim, A. (2008). Industrialized Building System (IBS) in Malaysia: The Current State and R&D Initiatives, 2(1), 1-13. Malaysia Construction Research Journal.

      Heckman, R. L. J., & Galetta, D. F. (1988). Changing Roles in a Theory Perspective. In. ICIS 1988 Proceedings.

      Herman, S. (2016). The Motivation of Quantity Surveyors in the Malaysian Construction Industry. The University of Salford, United Kingdom. Retrieved January 23, 2019

      Huemer, L. (2004). Activating Trust: The Redefinition of Roles and Relationships in An International construction project. International Marketing Review, 21(2), 187-201. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/02651330410531394

      Hughes, W. (1989). Organizational Analysis of Building Projects. Department of Surveying, Liverpool Polytechnic.

      Hussin, A. A., & Omran, A. (2009). Roles of Professionals in Construction Industry. In Presented at the The International Conference on Economics and Administration, University of Bucharest, Romania: Faculty of Administration and Business.

      Häkkinen, T., & Belloni, K. (2011). Barriers and drivers for sustainable building. Building Research & Information, 39(3), 239-255. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/09613218.2011.561948

      International Organization for Standardization (2006). International Standard. Retrieved from http://www.iso.org/iso/en/ISOOnline.ftrontpage

      Jasch, C. (2000). Environmental Performance Evaluation and Indicators, 8(1), 79-88. Journal of Cleaner Production.

      Kabiri, S., Hughes, W., & Schweber, L. (2012). Role Conflict and Role Ambiguity in Construction Projects. In (pp. 727-736). Presented at the Procs 28th Annual ARCOM Conference, Edinburgh, UK: Association of Researchers in Construction Management.

      Kagen, J. (2017). Technical Job Skills. Investopedia.

      Kim, S., Lee, Y., Nguyen, V., & Luu, V. (2016). Barriers to Applying Value Management in the Vietnamese Construction Industry, 21(2), 55-80. Journal of Construction in Developing Countries.

      Kuhn, S. (2007). Preconstruction Services: Add Value with More than Just Estimating. Construction Business Owner.

      Kuhre, W. (1998). ISO 14031--Environmental Performance Evaluation (EPE): Practice Tools and Techniques for Conducting an Environmental Performance Evaluation. Prentice Hall PTR.

      Kymmell, W. (2008). Building Information Modeling. New York: McGraw Hill Professional.

      Latham, M. (1994). Constructing the Team: Final Report of the Government/Industry Review of Procurement and Contractual Arrangements in the UK Construction Industry.

      Lim, Y. C. (2016). Application of Value Management by IBS Contractors in Malaysia. Construction Management Faculty of Engineering and Green Technology Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman.

      Male, S., Bower, D., & Aritua, B. (2007). Design Management: Changing Roles of the Professions. Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Management, Procurement and Law, 160(2), 75-82. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1680/mpal.2007.160.2.75

      Maloney, W. F. (2002). Construction Product/Service and Customer Satisfaction. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 128(6), 522-529. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9364(2002)128:6(522)

      Mansfield, J., & Reyers, J. (2000). Conservation Refurbishment Projects: A Comparative Assessment of Risk Management Approach. In. Presented at the Cutting Edge-The Real Estate Research Conference of the RICS Research Foundation.

      Mcdermott, C. P. (2009). The future of the construction industry and the implications for construction project management and education. Iowa State University. DOI: https://doi.org/10.31274/etd-180810-2621

      Murdoch, J., & Hughes, W. (2008). Construction Contracts: Law and Management. London: Taylor & Francis.

      Murray, M., & Appiah-Baiden, J. (2000). Difficulties Facing Contractors from Developing Countries: Problems and Solutions. In. Johannesburg, South Africa: University of Witwatersrand.

      Mustafa Kamal, E., & Flanagan, R. (2012). Understanding Absorptive Capacity in Malaysian Small and Medium Sized (SME) Construction Companies. J of Eng., Design and Tech, 10(2), 180-198. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/17260531211241176

      National Audit Office. (2011). Modernizing Construction. National Audit Office, London.

      Ndekugri, I. E., & Rycroft, M. E. (2000). JCT 98 Building Contract: Law and Administration. Butterworth-Heinemann.

      OECD (1996). Innovation, Patents and Technological Strategies. OECD, Paris.

      OECD (1997). Proposed Guidelines for Collecting and Interpreting Technological Innovation Data.

      Othman, O. I. (2012). Application of Value Management at Design Stage – A Case Study (Identifying the Awareness Level). Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.

      Peach, W. (2007). The Changing Role of Site Contractors in Retail Construction. New England Estate Journal.

      Poles, M. S. (2005). Contractors’ Customary Duties and Responsibilities. MP Group.

      Prime, H. (2008, January 1). Prime Contractor Responsibilities. Worksafe magazine.

      Qi, G., Shen, L., Zeng, S., & Jorge, O. J. (2010). The Drivers for Contractors’ Green Innovation: An Industry Perspective. Journal of Cleaner Production, 18(14), 1358-1365. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2010.04.017

      Riley, D., Pexton, K., & Drilling, J. (2003). Procurement of Sustainable Construction Services in the United States: The Contractor’s Role in Green Buildings. In (Vol. 26, pp. 66-69). Presented at the Industry and Environment: Sustainable Building and Construction, United Nations Environment Programme.

      Rosenberg, H., MESM, Merson, A., & Funkhouser, J. (2003). LEED™ and the General Contractor, or How We Stopped Worrying and Learned to Embrace Green. In. Presented at the Proceedings of the Greenbuild International Conference & Expo, Pittsburgh, PA.

      Rosenberg, N. (1993). Factors Affecting the Diffusion of Technology, 189-210. Brookfield Vt., USA: N. Rosenberg (Ed.), Perspectives on Technology, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

      Salvaterra, G., & Dalpra, M. A. F. (2012). The Case Study of Two Buildings in the Leed Certification in Italy: The Role of the General Contractor in Sustainable Green Buildings, 36(3), 138-148.

      Samari, M., Ghodrati, N., Esmaeilifar, R., Olfat, P., & Mohd Shafiei, M. W. (2013). The Investigation of the Barriers in Developing Green Building in Malaysia. MAS, 7(2). DOI: https://doi.org/10.5539/mas.v7n2p1

      Saucerman, S. S. (1999). General contractor - Do You Know the Difference? (Did You Know There Even Was a Difference?). Construction Dimensions.

      Shen, L.-Y., Lu, W.-S., Yao, H., & Wu, D.-H. (2005). A computer-based scoring method for measuring the environmental performance of construction activities. Automation in Construction, 14(3), 297-309. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.autcon.2004.08.017

      Slaughter, E. S. (1993). Builders as Sources of Construction Innovation. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 119(3), 532-549. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9364(1993)119:3(532)

      Stiles, J. (1995). Collaboration for Competitive Advantage: The Changing World of Alliances and Partnerships. Long Range Planning, 28(5), 109-112. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0024-6301(95)00043-I

      Strategic Forum for Construction (2002). Accelerating Change. In. London: Strategic Forum for Construction.

      Tam, V. W. Y., & Shen, L. Y. (2012). Risk Management for Contractors in Marine Projects. OTMCJ, 4(1), 403-410. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5592/otmcj.2012.1.5

      Tamim, N., Scott, S., Zhu, W., Koirala, Y., & Mannan, M. S. (2017). Roles of Contractors in Process Safety. Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jlp.2017.04.023

      Taylor, F. (1963). The Functions of the Contractor in Building and Civil Engineering, 111, 622-634. Journal of the Royal Society of Arts.

      Tibor, T. (1996). ISO 14000: A Guide to the New Environmental Management Standards. Chicago: Irwin Professional Publication.

      Turner, R. H. (1956). Role-Taking, Role Standpoint, and Reference-Group Behavior. American Journal of Sociology, 61(4), 316-328. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1086/221763

      Tzortzopoulos, P., & Cooper, R. (2007). Design Management from a Contractor’s Perspective: The Need for Clarity. Architectural Engineering and Design Management, 3(1), 17-28. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/17452007.2007.9684626

      Wermiel, S. E. (2006). Norcross, Fuller, and the Rise of the General Contractor in the United States in the Nineteenth Century. In (Vol. 3, pp. 3297-3314). Presented at the Proc. Second International Congress on Construction History, Cambridge.

      Woolley, T. (2000). Green Building: Establishing Principles, 44-56. Ethics and the built environment, ed. Warwick Fox.

      Wu, G., Zuo, J., & Zhao, X. (2017). Incentive Model Based on Cooperative Relationship in Sustainable Construction Projects. Sustainability, 9(7), 1191. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/su9071191

      Yongtao, T. (2008, January 1). Contractor’s Competitiveness and Competitive Strategy in Hong Kong, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University Department of Building and Real Estate.

      Article History
      Received: 2019-01-09
      Published: 2019-01-26
      Dimensions
      How to Cite
      Adros, N. A., & Abidin, D. N. Z. (2019). An Investigation of the Diversification Roles of Contractor. SEISENSE Journal of Management, 2(2), 1-12. https://doi.org/10.33215/sjom.v2i2.93
      Copyright & License

      Copyright (c) 2019 Nur Azila Adros, Dr. Nazirah Zainul Abidin

      Creative Commons License

      This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.